Hamadan City

City Of Avicenna

About Hamadan

Hamadan, located at an elevation of 5,732 feet, occupies a fertile agricultural plain. It is associated with the ancient Median city of Ecbatana, built in the seventh century b.c.e., and it was an important capital of successive pre-Islamic dynasties, being situated on the trade route that linked Mesopotamia with the East. In the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, the city was occupied by the Ottoman Empire several times, but in 1732 it finally reverted to Iran.
Hamadan retained its role as a large commercial city in the modern period. In the nineteenth century it functioned as a transshipment center for the trade of southwestern Iran with the West. Goods destined for Tabriz, Trebizond (now Trabzon), and the Black Sea were brought to Hamadan. After the development of the Anglo-Indian trade, Hamadan prospered as a result of its location on the trade route via Basra and Baghdad to the east. During the twentieth century the city continued to serve as a regional transshipment center and also developed diverse manufacturing industries. A shrine popularly believed to contain the remains of the biblical Esther is a major Jewish pilgrimage site in the city. There is also a monument for Ibn Sina (Avicenna). The population of Hamadan in 1996 was 401,281.


near Bukhara, Iran [now in Uzbekistan]—died 1037, Hamadan, Iran), Muslim physician, the most famous and influential of the philosopher-scientists of the medieval Islamic world. He was particularly noted for his contributions in the fields of Aristotelian philosophy and medicine. He composed the Kitāb al-shifāʾ (Book of the Cure), a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopaedia, and Al-Qānūn fī al-ṭibb (The Canon of Medicine), which is among the most famous books in the history of medicine.
Avicenna did not burst upon an empty Islamic intellectual stage. It is believed that Muslim writer Ibn al-Muqaffaʿ, or possibly his son, had introduced Aristotelian logic to the Islamic world more than two centuries before Avicenna. Al-Kindī, the first Islamic Peripatetic (Aristotelian) philosopher, and Turkish polymath al-Fārābī, from whose book Avicenna would learn Aristotle’s metaphysics, preceded him. Of these luminaries, however, Avicenna remains by far the greatest.

Baba Tahir

Baba Taher Uryan Hamadani with certainty is not much known about him. The date of his birth and death are unknown, but one source indicates that he died in 1019 CE. If this is accurate, then Baba Taher is a contemporary of Ferdowsi and Abu Ali Sina (Avicenna) and an immediate precursor of Omar Khayyam. It is said that he lived for seventy five years.
It is stated that he was one of the "Ahl-e Haqq" sect (Dervish or follower of truth) and that his sister Bibi Fatimeh is equally respected by this community. Baba Taher Uryan Hamadani was one of the most eminent mystics of his time. He was from Hamadan; a learned man, knowing all things (meaning of hama dan in Farsi). His popular name Uryan means "The Naked"; he was a dervish or inspired beggar.

About Old Hegmatane

I. Hegmataneh is located in suburban area of Hamedan. It contains 50 acres of the city of Hamadan. This valuable historical collection is of great archeological value and apart of it is not excavated. The area has historical remains dating back to Medes, Achamenids, Parthian, Sasanids and also Islamic dynasties like Aleh Bouyeh (Bouyehs Family) most of them belong to Parthian era. The area enjoys a great variety of Parthian modern architectural systems of urban areas that are masterpieces of their time and reveal their creators special talent.
II. The excavatedparts of Hegmataneh reveal architectural and urban situation of the area as well as its connection with other communities and its trade's status. The remains of the city show the existence of a modern society. It also brings into view how the mankind could co- exist with nature over the time.
III. Hegmataneh Ensemble consists of a unique collection of historical ruins and a valuable archeological site. A complex collection of congested urban constructions including towers (citadel of the old city) unique urban architecture like a chess board (Hypodamin) developed system of water pipelines and roads and the pavements as well as a great number of houses rather than single deserted buildings. There exist remains belong to six different historical periods and a peculiar ensemble belongs to the Christians of Iran. Due to its historical and cultural great importance, it is well protected. These all signrfi that civilization was exceptional and of great glamour at this zenith.